Monday, 3 January 2022

Shaykh Ibn Abi Jamra intro Part 1

 Shaykh Ibn Abi Jamra al-Andalusi qaddas Allahu sirru (d. 675 H. in Cairo)

The Holy Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam said;Whoever Guides someone to Goodness, will have similar reward. Sahih Muslim

Shaykh Ibn Abi Jamra qaddas Allahu sirru often used to repeat the hadith:

"Who transmit to my Ummah a single hadith, thereby establishing the sunna or intending to call [people to Islam], will have Jannah."

Shaykh Ibn Abi Jamra qaddas Allahu sirru is famous for 70 visions of the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) that occurred to him while writing, an abridged commentary to Sahih al-Bukhari.

He is `Abd Allah ibn Sa`d ibn Abi Jamra al-Andalusi, whose lineage goes back to the great sahabi Sa`d bin `Ibada al-Ansari, may Allah ta'ala be pleased with him. He used to see the Prophet ((Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) in waking. 

His most famous book is Bahjat al-Nufus, an abridged commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari. Buried in al-Qurafa in Cairo.

He is `Abd Allah ibn Sa`d ibnAbi Jamra al-Andalusi, whose lineage goes back to the great sahabi Sa`d bin `Ibada al-Ansari, may Allah ta'ala be pleased with him. His kunya was Abu Muhammad.

Born in al-Andalus, he was raised in the Deen. He memorized the Quran at a young age, and became proficient in the hadith about the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam). 

He often used to repeat the hadith:

"Who transmit to my ummah a single hadith, thereby establishing the sunna or intending to call [people to Islam], will have Jannah."

He travelled around much until he settled in Egypt. His du'a was answered, and he used to see the Prophet (sall Allah `aleihi wa sallam) often while awake. When people heard about this, they disavowed him. After that he isolated himself in his home, until his death year 675 H.

He is buried in al-Qurafa in Cairo, near the maqam of Ibn `Ata Allah al-Sakandari.
In his book "Al-Mara'i al-Hisan", he describes 70 visions of the Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) that occurred to him while writing "Bahjat al-Nufus", an abridged commentary to Sahih al-Bukhari.

When he saw a lack of enthusiasm in preserving the chains of transmission, al-Hafidh ibn Abi Jamrah was determined to write an abridged book, which is easy to memorize and had many benefits, so he chose from “Sahih Al-Bukhari” nearly 300 Hadiths

This summary is ideal for the beginner in the science of Hadith because it is short.

 1. Tomb of Ibn Abi Jamra in al-Qurafa, Cairo.

2. Tomb of Ibn Abi Jamra in al-Qurafa, Cairo.

This article discusses experiences of Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allah ibn Saʿd ibn Saʿīd ibn Abī Jamrah al-Azdī al-Andalūsī, a great Sufi ḥadīth scholar of seventh century Hijrah.

Born in Islamic Spain and passed away in Egypt in 675 AH[i]  who encountered with the Prophet ﷺ in a dream while engaging with his ḥadīth commentary, Bahjat al-Nufūs wa Taḥallīhā bi Maʿrifat mā Lahā wa mā ʿalayhā’ (Joy of soul and its adorning by knowing what it has and what it owes). 
It is a commentary of his own work, an abridged version (Mukhtaṣar) of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī in which he selected around 300 hadīths by reducing the Isnāds to the first narrator, i.e. the companion. 
It starts with the chapter of ‘beginning of revelation’ (Badʾ al-Waḥy) and ends with that of people of paradise entering paradise' (Dukḥūl ahl al-jannah al-jannah).
Indicating to this organization, Ibn Abī Jamrah entitled this collection ‘Jamʾ al-nihāyah fī badʾ al-khayr wa al-ghāyah (The Gathering of the End at the Beginning of the Good and its Aim).
Ibn Abī Jamrah’s intention behind the abridged version was easy memorization of ḥadīths from al-Bukhārī’s great work. Moreover, he was strongly convinced about its blessedness that ‘distress would be dispelled if Ṣaḥīh al-Bukhārī is read, and ships would be saved from drowning if it is kept in.’[ii]
 Ibn Abī Jamrah notes that Imām al-Bukhārī had followed a unique method to narrate and organize ḥadīths, therefore, repeated a ḥadīth several times, and sometimes cut down the ḥadīth and mentioned only a tiny part of it. Considering all these distinct features, Ibn Abī Jamrah selected the complete version of ḥadīths from the Ṣaḥīḥ and reorganized it without repetition.[iii]

The most distinctive feature of Ibn Abī Jamrāh’s commentary, Bahjah, is the mystical interpretation. He tried to elaborate on the esoteric meanings of ḥadīths without rejecting its exoteric ones. Mostly, he explained the implied meanings after explaining its apparent meanings.

As he explains in the preface, his book consists of indications to the mystical truth (Ishārah ilā al-haqīqah) along with the rulings, ethics, obligations and voluntary acts of Sharīʾah. This statement designates the obvious feature of this commentary, the Ishārī interpretation, which is also known as mystical exegesis. Moreover, he tried to reconcile between the paths of Sharīʿah and Ḥaqīqah.

As obvious from his works, there is no doubt that the author was a great Sūfī and devoted scholar of ḥadīth. 

Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, the later well-known commentator of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, quoted Ibn Abī Jamrah many times in his magnum opus, Fatḥ al-Bārī, with due respect, calling al-Qudwah, al-Shaykh Ibn Abī Jamrah and giving enough attention to his esoteric meanings.

The most pertinent here are his dreams while composing his marvellous commentary. He encountered the Prophet ﷺ in dreams encouraging, and sometimes even instructing simple additions to the book. 

Such seventy sweet dreams were collated into a book entitled al-Marāī al-Ḥisān (Beautiful dreams) by him. 

In the preface, the author said: “these are the dreams I experienced while composing the interpretation of Mukhtaṣar Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī which has been named as Bahjat al-Nufūs”.[iv]

 Al-Marāī al-Ḥisān begins with the narration of a trusted person who saw in dream Ibn Abī Jamrah sitting in front of the Prophet ﷺ justifying his explanations in Baḥjat al-Nufūs, and when reached the ḥadīth of Ṣalāt al-Wuṣtā (The middle prayer), and justified his stance, the Prophet ﷺ  applauded it. According to him, Ṣalāt al-Wusṭā is both the ʿaṣr and ṣubḥ prayers.

In another dream, as found in the second narration, he presented his commentary to the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ was so impressed reading its forward and passed it to some of his vicegerents and said his attempts in our matters never fell short. 

One day the Prophet ﷺ instructed him to add some sentences in the preface. At times he saw the Prophet ﷺ entered his house with his companions. Reading Ibn Abī Jamrah’s commentary, his explanation on the ḥadīth of the slander (al-Ifk) impressed the Prophet ﷺ too much, whereupon he passed it to ʿᾹishah, the mother of the believers, asking to pray for Ibn Abī Jamrah since he had done a good job explaining her innocence. 

In another dream, he was in Maḥshar in the day of judgment wherein he and his disciple were highly respected and gathered with Messengers and the companions of the Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ due to his service for ḥadīth through this commentary. Seventy such beautiful dreams are explained in 53 pages.

The deeper understanding of the author and his ability to connect ḥadīth with Sūfī concepts is very clear from his explanation on the first ḥadīth itself. “The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah's Messenger  was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. 

He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with him food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadīja (May Allah be pleased with her) to take his food likewise again till suddenly the “Truth” descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet  replied, "I do not know how to read…"

He observes that the beginning of the Prophethood was in the form of true dreams, and when he persisted with his Khalwah (seclusion) and worship, he could finally meet the archangel, Gabriel. 

Likewise, a Walī, seeker of sūfī path, must maintain the manners of each stage of wilāyah to successfully enter to the higher level.[v] Many such ishārī explanations are found with almost all ḥadīth in work.

It is enough of honour for Ibn Abī Jamrah that the Prophet  had felicitated his commentary.  In fact, it is a manifestation of the Prophet’s statement that he () said: God brightens a man who hears what I say, gets it by heart, retains it, and passes it on to others! Many a bearer of knowledge is not versed in it, and many a bearer of knowledge conveys it to one who is more versed than he is.[vi]

Encountering the Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ in a dream is considered by Muslims as a reliable experience with probative value. 

That is based on two authentic ḥadīths: ‘Nothing of Prophethood will remain after me except righteous nightly dreams’[vii] and ‘Whoever has seen me in a dream has seen me while awake, for indeed Satan does not assume my form.’[viii]

Many righteous people had narrated their experience of seeing the Prophet  in dreams revealing the truth to them on personal matters. The unrecorded incidents would be even more.

But from the above explanation, it is understood that the dedicated ḥadīth scholars, who always engage with reporting of Prophet’s words, deeds, and chain of narrations, had kept a very special relationship with the Prophet . They had communication on various issues related to the ḥadīth, including authenticity and meanings.

Though the dream is not treated as a medium of validating ḥadīth or establishing a ruling, it can add value to ḥadīth. A dream will reaffirm the authenticity of a ḥadīth which is already proven by verifying Insnād and content. Likewise, a dream may reveal some implied meanings of a ḥadīth which is in line with the principles of Islam.


[i] For his biography, see Aḥmad Bābā bin Aḥmad ibn al-Faqīh al-Tunbuktī, Nayl al-Ibtihāj bi Taṭrīz al-Dībāj, (Ṭarābals: Dār al-Kātib, 2000), p 216

[ii] Ibn Abī Jamrah, ‘Jamʾ al-Nihāyah fī Badʾ al-Khayr wa al-Ghāyah, (Bayrūt: Muʾassasat al-Kutub al-Thaqāfiyyah, 1986), vol.1, p. 14

[iii] Ibn Abī Jamrah, Bahjat al-Nufūs wa Taḥallīhā bi Maʿrifat mā Lahā wa mā ʿalayhā’, (Bayrūt: Dār al-Jīl, n.d.), vol. 1, p. 2

[iv] Ibn Abī Jamrah, al-Marāī al-Ḥisān, (Bayrūt: Bayrūt: Dār al-Jīl, n.d.), 2

[v] Ibn Abī Jamra, Bahjah, vol. 1, p. 10

[vi] Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, Musnad Aḥmad, (n.p., Muʾassasat al-Risālah,2001), vol. 21, p. 60

[vii] Abū ʿAbd Allah Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl al-Bukhārī, Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, k. al-Taʾbīr, b. al-Mubashīrāt, Būlāq: Maṭbaʿah al-Kubrā al-Amīriyyah, vol. 9, p. 31

[viii] Al-Bukhārī, Ṣaḥīḥ, k. al-Taʿbīr, b. man raʾā al-nabiyya (s) fī al-manām, vol. 9, p. 33

(Salahudheen Kozhithodi is a  Researcher, International Islamic University Malaysia)

Taken from

Saturday, 28 August 2021

Maximum Reward Morning & Evening Dhikr, Light on Tongue, but Extremely Heavy on scales

This is a list of very short simple yet, the reader receives Maximum Rewards reading them each Morning and Evening Dhikr.  They are very Light on Tongue, Yet very Extremely Immense and Heavy on scales of rewards.

They are Composed by myself, Muhammad Sajad Ali. I've spent many years collating them over the years and read daily.

The 1st is a Salawat Taught to Imam Abul Abbas al-Mursi Shadhili (qaddas Allahu sirru) from Al-Khidr alayhis salaam.

(Imam Abul Abbas al-Mursi (qaddas Allahu sirru) was also the Son-in-Law of Imam Shadhili qaddas Allahu sirru).

These four Salawats raises you to the Maqam to Abdal-(1 of 40 High Ranking Saints)

Allahum-maghfir li Ummati Muhammad sal-lallahu `alayhi wa sallam
Allahumm aslah Ummata Muhammad sal-lallahu `alayhi wa sallam
Allahumma Tajaawaz 'an Ummati Muhammad sal-lallahu `alayhi wa sallam
Allahummaj 'alna min Ummati Muhammad sal-lallahu `alayhi wa sallam 

O Allah, Forgive the community of Muhammad blessing of Allah and peace be upon him.
O Allah, grant Ease to the community of Muhammad blessing of Allah and peace be upon him.
O Allah, Reward the community  of Muhammad blessing of Allah and peace be upon him.
O Allah, Make us from the community of Muhammad blessing of Allah and peace be upon him.

Note: Abdaal– The Forty  Compensators, who ‘Substitute’ for the Prophets of Bani ’Israel. 
They are the hidden pillars of the Community who are constantly replaced upon their death  by another member of Awliya-Saints

Taken from Book: Orison of The School of the Shadhdhuliyyah, volume one by Shaykh Abdullah Nooruddeen Durkee al-Shadhuli.

2nd Istaghfaar plus doing it Sunnah of 27 times its another hadith that Duas are answered

Easy rewards and Power of praying Forgiveness for the Ummah and your Duas surely being answered. We can earn Billions of Rewards in Just a few seconds.

“Whoever seeks forgiveness for the believing men and believing women, Allah will write for him a good deed for each believing man and believing woman.” - Hadith  

And in another “The one who seeks forgiveness for [Mu'min] males and females from Allah Ta’aala twenty six or twenty five times every day, Allah Ta’ala will count that person among those whose Du’a is accepted, and through the barakah of whom those on earth gain rizq (sustenance).”- Hadith

How do to apply the above simple read dua below 25/27 times or more as mentioned in 2nd hadith (and then as first hadith says for every soul you ask Forgiveness and there are over 1.5 billion Muslims, and then after a dua for yourself and thus your duas will be surely answered insh'allah.

اللَّهُمَّ اغفِر لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ والْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالمُؤمِنِينَ وَالمُؤمِنَاتِ، الأَحيَاءِ مِنهُم وَالأَموَاتِ
Allahummaghfir lil-muslimeena wal-muslimat, wal-mu’mineena wal mu’minat, al-ahyaa'i minhum wal-amwat.

"O Allah, forgive the Muslim men and Muslim women, the believing men and the believing women, the alive from them and the dead"

*Then finally remember the Hadith says a Good Deed is given each of the believing men and believing women you ask forgiveness for, but this duas ends with the living dead, the living are 1.5 Billion Muslims, plus all the dead from the past then its Billions!*

3rd is a Salawat based on the Istaghfaar - so same rewards but in the form of Salawat.  - more notes to add.

4th Sunnah Dua of Morning - that outweighs dhikr.

Juwairiyah (radhi Allahu anha) reported that one day the Prophet, peace be upon him, left her apartment in the morning as she was busy observing her dawn prayer in her place of worship. 

He came back in the forenoon and she was still sitting there. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said to her, “You have been in the same place since I left you?” 

She said, “Yes.” Thereupon the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, 

“I recited four words three times after I left you and if these were to be weighed against what you have recited since morning these would outweigh them, and these words are:

سُبْحـانَ اللهِ وَبِحَمْـدِهِ عَدَدَ خَلْـقِه ، وَرِضـا نَفْسِـه ، وَزِنَـةَ عَـرْشِـه ، وَمِـدادَ كَلِمـاتِـه

Subhaanallaahi wa bihamdihi: ‘Adada khalqihi wa ridhaa nafsihi, wa zinata ‘arshihi wa midaada kalimaatihi.

Glory is to Allah and praise is to Him, by the multitude of his creation, by His Pleasure, by the weight of His Throne, and by the extent of His Words (Recite 3 times in Arabic)

5th is Tasbih Secret of Subhanallaahi  ‘Adada khalqihi fis samaa'i  Subhanallaahi  ‘Adada khalqihi fil ard..

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and I went to see a woman. She had date stones or pebbles in front of her, and she was counting and reciting Tasbih. ['Subhan-Allah' (Allah is free from imperfection)]. He said, "Shall I not inform you of what is easier or better than this for you?" 

You should say: 'Subhan-Allahi 'adada ma khalaqa fis-sama', wa subhan-Allahi 'adada ma khalaqa fil-ardi, wa subhan-Allahi 'adada ma baina dhalika, wa subhan-Allahi 'adada ma Huwa Khaliqun, wallahu Akbaru mithla dhalika, wal-hamdu lillahi mithla dhalika, wa la ilaha illallahu mithla dhalika, wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahi mithla dhalika (Subhan-Allah, equal to the number of what He created in the heaven; 

and Subhan-Allah, equal to the number of His creatures in the earth; and Subhan-Allah, equal to the number in between them; and Subhan-Allah equal to the number of those He will create).' Then say: 'Allahu Akbar' (Allah is Greatest) in the same way. Then say: 'Al-hamdu lillah' (praise be to Allah) in the same way. Then say: 'La ilaha illallah' (there is no true god except Allah) in the same way. Then say: 'La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah' (there is no change of a condition nor power except by Allah) in the same manner." Tirmidhi.

6th is Salawat Qurani read after Salah and receive the rewards of (Full Khatm of Qur'an). 

And read after reciting the Qur'an and for Great rewards in Sharhu Ramadhan-Month of Fasting and the Month of reading the Qur'an. 

Allahumma Salli 'Ala Muhammadiw-wa Aalihi wa Ashabihi bi-Adadi Maa fi Jamiyil-Quraani Harfan Harfaw-wa bi-Adadi Kulli Harfin Alfan Alfa

O Allah Send on Muhammad and on his family and his Companions by the number of every letter in the beautiful Qur'an and each letter a blessing by one Million times.

(Note from me others has translated Alfa Alfi as thousands but its not, Alfa is 1000 and Alfa Alfi is 1000 x 1000  which is One Million)

If read this salawat (Salawat Qur'ani) after every Salah-prayer, it is said that the reciter will receive the rewards equivalent to the recital of the entire Holy Quran-(meaning a Khatm of Qur'an)

Also read Salawat Qurani after reading any verses of the Holy Qur'an or section of Holy Qur'an this Salawat Qurani should be recited 3 times.

Sharhu Ramadhan is one of best time to read this Salawat, as its the Month of Reading the Holy Qu'ran the divine words of Allah. 

It can also be read regardless for blessings blessing, whether you have read Salah or not or Qur'an or not.
7th Salawat as-Sa`adah - reading once is worth 600'000 rewards.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ عَدَدَ مَا فِي عِلْمِ اللهِ صَلاَةً دَائِمَةً بِدَوَامِ مُلْكِ الله

Allahumma salli wa sallim `alaa Sayyidina wa Mawlana Muhammadin `adada maa fee `ilmillahi salaatan daa’imatan bi-dawaami mulkillah.

From the book Afdal as-Salawaat by Shaykh Ahmad as-Saawee is said if you read this salawat once, it is rewarded as if you said salawaat 600,000 times and if you recite it seventy times a day you will be released from Hellfire!


8th is ‘Alhamdu lillahil ladhi tawada’a kullu shay'in li’azamatih..

"The Most Concentrated and condensed healing formula, that exists, the Divine Remembrance, the Celestial Conversation, the favourite of Allah and the lifeblood and life breath of the Sufis; Dhikr" - Taken from (The book of Sufi Healing) by Shaykh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti. 

The Secret of this dua taken from "The words of wisdom vol 5" (Makshoofat) of the Great Sufi Shaykh Abu Anees Muhammad Barkat Ali (there are 21books from Dar-ul-Ehsan Publications on English available of the (Makshoofat); 

It is narrated on the authority of Hadrat Ibn Umar that the Holy Prophet peace be upon him said: "The man who recites; 

‘Alhamdu lillahil ladhi tawada’a kullu shay'in li’azamatih wal hamdu lillahil ladhi dhalla kullu shay in li ‘izzatih wal hamdulillahil ladhi khada’a kullu shay in li mulkih wal hamdulillahil ladhis taslama kullu shay in li qudratih’,

And because of this requests Allah the Almighty for something (such as His Grace and Forgiveness), He writes recompense of 1,000 good (deeds) for him, exalts him by 1,000 stages and appoints 70,000 angels who supplicate for his forgiveness until Doomsday." -(Kanzal-'Amal)

Allah will record for him one thousand good deeds, Allah will elevate one thousand stages and Allah will appoint seventy thousand angels to seek forgiveness on his behalf till the day of Qiyamah...

Imam Tabarani (rahimahullah) has recorded this narration in Al Mu’jamul Kabir.


8th and 9th are 2 Salawat I've composed based on Qadiri pleas of asking help through Salawat when in Major (Musiba) Misfortune. 

Wednesday, 18 August 2021

10th Muharram or Day of Ashura - Dhikr and Wird

The Various Dhikr, Wirds, Acts of being Generous and Reward of Fasting on the  Day of Ashura - based on Sunni Hadith traditions. 

The Historical Significance of ‘Ashura by Taken from Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq by Sayyidina Abdul Qadir al-Jilani qaddas Allahu Sirru.

Ashura is a day of great historical significance.

On this day: Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) accepted the repentance of Sayyidina Adam ('Alaihis-Salaam) after his exile from Paradise;

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) saved Sayyidina Nuh ('Alaihis-Salaam) and his companions in the ark;

Allah extinguished the fire in which Sayyidina Ibrahim ('Alaihis-Salaam) was thrown by Nimrod;

And Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) spoke directly to Sayyidina Musa ('Alaihis-Salaam) and gave him the Commandments.

On this same 10th of Muharram, Sayyidina Ayyub ('Alaihis-Salaam) was restored to health (from leprosy);

Sayyidina Yusuf ('Alaihis-Salaam) was reunited with his father Ya’qub ('Alaihis-Salaam);

Sayyidina Yunus ('Alaihis-Salaam) was taken out from the belly of the fish;

and the sea was divided as the nation of israel was delivered from captivity and Pharoah’s army was destroyed.

‘Ashura is also the day when Sayyidina Dawud ('Alaihis-Salaam) was forgiven;

the kingdom of Sulaiman ('Alaihis-Salaam) was restored;

Sayyidina Isa ('Alaihis-Salaam) was raised to Jannah

and Sayyidina al-Husayn (Radiyallahu 'anh) (the Holy Prophet’s, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, grandson) achieved the honour of Martyrdom.

Worship Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) as much as you can on ‘Ashura. Whoever fasts on this day is like one who fasts all his life.

Whoever clothes a naked person Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) will release him from a painful punishment.

He who visits a sick person, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) will grant him a reward that will not be decreased.

Whoever places his hand on an orphan’s head, or feeds a hungry person or gives water to a thirsty man, Allah will feed him a feast from Paradise and will quench his thirst with Salsabil (a wine that does not intoxicate).

And who ever takes a Ghusl on this day will enjoy excellent health and freedom from sickness and indolence.

Whoever provides generously for his family on this day, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) will be generous to him throughout this year. And whoever applies Kuhl to his eyes will never suffer from eye-sore again, inSha’Allah.

O’ Allah! Bless us to perform good deeds and gain their reward on ‘Ashura. Make the new year one of unity, cooperation and success for Muslims in this city and around the world. Ameen.

Tonight Nafl Salat for the Eve of Ashura A famous book taught in Tarim, Yemen called Kanz al-Najah wa Surur-(The Treasures of Success and Happiness) the author of the book maintains that on ‘Ashura, ‘One should stay up the whole night in worship, reciting the Quran or making remembrance of Allah and the like.’ Another sources say; On the eve of Ashura offer 4 rakats Nafl Salat as follows: In every rakah after Surah Fatiha recite "Ayat al-Kursi" once and Surah Ikhlas 3 times. After completing read 100 salawat and Surah Ikhlas 100 times. Allah Ta’ala will purify such a person of all their sins and grant them endless bounties and blessings in paradise.

Giving in Charity or Money /Gifts to family on the Day of Ashura
"One who generously spends on his family on the day of Ashura, Allah will increase (his provision) for the whole year.” - Hadith.

Another tradition, ‘Whosoever is generous to their family on the Day of ‘Ashura, Allah is Generous to him for the remainder of the year'.

Give in Charity on the Virtuous Day of ‘Ashura  Allah is Generous towards you. 

Ashura is the Most Virtuous Day of the Sacred Month of Muharram, It is Virtuous to give in Charity on this day. 

The more you give the more (Charitable and Generous) Allah will be towards you (rest of the year.)

Sayyiduna Rasulillah (Sallallahu Alayhi wasallam) Said, "Whosoever prepares ample food and drink for his family on this sacred day and delights in feeding them generously, Allah Ta’ala will increase His provisions for that year and place much blessings and good therein."

Fasting Ashura

Fasting Ashura Forgives all (Minor) Sins from the past year.

The Prophets would fast the Day of ‘Ashura'

"It is the day of ‘Ashura. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) has not made fasting obligatory for you. But I am fasting. He who likes to observe fast among you should do so, and he who likes not to observe it (does not have to) observe it." Hadith

Fasting Ashura Forgives all (Minor) Sins from the past year. "One who generously spends on his family on the day of Ashura, Allah will increase (his provision) for the whole year.” - Hadith. Whoever fasts the 'Ashura, he will be granted the reward of a thousand angels and Fasting on `Ashura 10th Muharram forgives (Minor) sins of the preceding year. "Whoever fasts the 'Ashura, Allah will write for him a thousand [1000] wishes and a thousand years of age, and will grant him the reward of a thousand martyrs, and will write for him the reward of Ismail alayis-salam, and writes for him seventy palaces in paradise, and makes his flesh forbidden from the hellfire."
The Day of `Ashura’ has great virtue, and tremendous sanctity (hurma).

The virtue of fasting it was known among the Prophets (peace be upon them all).

Both Prophet Nuh and Prophet Musa (peace be upon them both) fasted it.
This is a day of forgiveness, Prophet (ﷺ) say, ‘This day Allah forgave the people (al-qawm), so make it a day of prayer and fasting.’

Whoever fasts on the final day of Dhul-Hijjah and on the first day of al-Muharram then God will make it an expiation for him for fifty years and fasting one day in al-Muharram is the equal of fasting for thirty days.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever fasts three days in the month of al-Muharram, they being Thursday, Friday and Saturday God will decree for him the reward of seventy years worship.”

The Prophets would fast the Day of ‘Ashura' because Allah relented towards them, it's a day of Salvation of Duas!

Fasting Ashura, Allah writes for you 1000 wishes, 1000 years of age, 1000 Martyrs, 70 palaces in Paradise, Forbids you Hellfire.

On the Day of  Ashura, whoever takes a Shower on Ashura is protected from serious sickness that year and cuts his Nails is protected from sickness, Whoever feeds or is Generous with his family Allah is Generous and increases them their Rizq widely.

Tariqah Qadir Dastagir Dhikr to read on Day of Ashura

1 - 1000 Surah Ikhas.
2 - 1000 Ayatul Hirz (Protection) -Laqad jaa'a kum Rasulum-min

3 - 360 Ayatul Kuris (Protection).

4 - Dua Ashura (below) - Dua Ashurah - An insurance for a year’s Life Sayyiduna Imam Zainul Abideen (Radi Allah Anhu)

1 - 1000 Surah Ikhas.

(1000 Surah Ikhas also be read on the eve, meaning at Maghrib too)

“Sins of that who recites 1,000 ikhlas with basmala are forgiven and his dua (pray) is accepted.”

Whoever recites "Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad" a thousand 1000 times on the day of 'Ashura, Allah will glance at him with the Eyes of Mercy, and will write him from amongst the Siddiqqin [The Truthful]."

Note: “Reciting surah ikhlas is a means of forgiveness for the sins except the sins about human rights.”

2 - 1000 Ayatul Hirz (Protection) -Laqad jaa'a kum Rasulum-min

Ayatul Hirz (The Verse of Protection), Sidi Ahmed Tijani Radi allahu anhu said. If you read Ayatul Hirz (meaning Laqad ja.. verse below) 1000 times on the day of Ashura, next year Rizq will expand, protection from Sihr and 'ayn (evil eye) for 1 year.

And reciting (reciting Ayatul Hirz 1000 times on ashura) Arwahs (Unseen helpers) will do khidma for him. Rizq will get expanded from every side.

Transliteration of the Famous Ayatul hirz - Verse of Protection

Laqad jaa'a kum Rasulum-min anfusikum 'Aazeezun 'alayhi ma'anittum hareesun 'alaykum bil mu'mineena ra'uw-fur-raheem (9:128)

Fa-in tawallaw faqul hasbiyallahu la ilaha illahu 'alayhi tawakkaltu wahuwa rabbul 'arshil 'adheem (9:129)

Meaning: Indeed there has already come to you a Messenger among yourselves, Mighty (grievous) to him is your sufferings; most eager is he for your (welfare), to the believers (he is) constantly compassionate, constantly merciful (9:128).

Still, if they turn away from you (O Messenger), say: "God is sufficient for me; there is no deity but He. In Him have I put my trust, and He is the Lord of the Supreme Throne (as the absolute Ruler and Sustainer of the universe and all creation, Who maintains and protects it)." (9:129).

3 - 360 Ayatul Kuris (Protection).

4 - Dua Ashura (below)

5. Rosewater and short Dhikr for Ashura

Dua Ashurah - An insurance for a year’s Life Sayyiduna Imam Zainul Abideen (Radi Allah Anhu) must be read on the Day of Dua Ashura.
Transliteration and English of Dua Ashura by Sajad Ali. Bism-illaahir-rahmaanir-raheem
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate Yaa qaabil at-tawbati Aadama yawma 'ashooraa O You who accepted the repentance of Adam on this day of Ashura; Yaa faarija karbi Dhin-Nooni yawma 'ashooraa; O You who delivered Jonah from his burden on this day of Ashura; Yaa jaami'a shamli Ya'qooba yawma 'ashooraa O You who reunited Jacob (with his son) on this day of Ashura; Yaa saami'a daw'wati Moosaa wa Haaroona yawma 'ashooraa
O You who heard the plea of Moses and Aaron on this day of Ashura;

Yaa mugheetha Ibraaheema min an-naari yawma 'ashooraa

O You who rescued Abraham from the fire on this day of Ashura; Yaa raafi'a Idreesa ilas-samaa-i yawma 'ashooraa
O You who raised Idris to heaven on this day of Ashura; Yaa mujeeba daw'ati Saalehin fin-naaqati yawma 'ashooraa O You who answered the plea of Saleh with a she-camel on this day of Ashura; Yaa naasira sayyidinaa Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallama) yawma 'ashooraa O You who helped our Master Muhammad (the grace and peace of Allah be upon him) on this day of Ashura; Yaa rahmaan ad-dunyaa wal-aakhirati wa raheemahumaa O Merciful One in this lowly world and in the hereafter; O Compassionate One of the two abodes; Salli 'alaa sayyidinaa Muhammadin wa 'alaa aali sayyidinaa Muhammadin wa salli 'alaa jamee'il-ambiyaa-i wal-mursaleen Bestow your grace upon our Master Muhammad and upon the people of Muhammad, and upon all the prophets and all the messengers! *Waqdi haajatinaa fid-dunyaa wal-aakhirati wa atil 'umranaa fee taa'atika wa mahabbatika wa ridaak* And grant us our need in this life and in the hereafter, and grant us many years in Your obedience and Your love and Your pleasure! Wa ahyinaa hayaatan tayyibatan wa tawaffanaa 'alal-eemaani wal-islaami bi rahmatika yaa arham ar-raahimeen And return us to a life of purity and take us not (in death) except upon faith and submission by Your mercy, O You who is the most compassionate of all those who show compassion. Allaahumma bi 'izzil-hasani wa akhi wa ummihi wa abeehi wa jaddihi wa baneehi O Allah! By the honour of Hasan and of his brother, and that of his mother and that of his father, and by the honour of his Grandfather (Peace be upon him) and that of his children; Farrij 'annaa maa nahnu feehi [Here you may describe to your lord the difficulties that you may be facing and need relief from]. Relieve us of what has befallen us! Recite 7 times: Subhaan Allaahi, mil-al-meezaani wa muntahaal-'ilmi wa mablaghal-ridaa wa zinatal-'arshi laa maljaa-a wa laa manjaa-a min Allaahi illaa ilayh Glorious is Allah, as much as what is in His great scale, and as far as His knowledge extends, and to such a degree as it attains His pleasure, and to whatever weight may be His Throne; there is no refuge and no safety from Allah except in Him. Subhaan Allaahi 'adadash-shaf'i wal watri wal Arshi, wa 'adada kalimaati-llaahit-taammati kullihaa Glorious is Allah, (He is declared so) as many as there be even (numbers) and as many as there be odd, and as many as there be perfect words of His; glory be to Him for them all. Nas'alukas-Salaamata bi-Rahmatika yaa Arham ar-Raahimeen We ask of You (our Lord) for safety, by Your mercy, O You who is the most merciful of all those who show mercy; Wa Huwa hasbunaa wa ni'mal-wakeel — ni'mal mawlaa wa ni'man-naseer And it [Your Mercy] is our sufficiency and our best protection— the very best master and the very best help! Wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billahil-'aliyyil-'adheem And there is no power and no strength except in Allah, the High, the Great! Wa sall-Allaahu ta'aalaa 'alaa sayyidinaa Muhammadin wa 'alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa 'alaal-mumineena wal-muminaati wal-muslimeena wal-uslimaati 'adada dharraatil-wujood wa 'adada ma'loomaati-llaahi wal-hamduli-llaahi rabbil-'aalameen May the grace of Allah, the Exalted, be upon our Master Muhammad and upon his family and his companions, and upon the believers men and women, and upon those who submit (in Islam), as much as there be atoms in existence and as much as there be things known to Allah; and all praise is due to Him, Lord of the Worlds. ===================== Dua Ashurah - An insurance for a year’s Life Sayyiduna Imam Zainul Abideen (Radi Allah Anhu) reports that whoever recites this dua on the 10th of Muharram,

any time after sunrise and before sunset, or listens to its recitation from someone else, Allah Ta’ala will certainly make it an insurance for a years’ life for him, by keeping death away from him.

However, if one is to become the victim of death in that year, they will by some strange coincidence not remember to recite it. One should engage in 'Ibadah on the night of Ashura. He will receive much Reward from it. One should recite Dua Ashura on the 10th of Muharram having taken a ghusl [complete bath rinsing mouth and nose in the process] the day before. He should recite four nafil rakahs with one niyyah-(intentions). In every rakah, Surah Fatiha once, then Surat al-Ikhlas 15 times and after taslim [salaams] he should recite this Dua' once with the (last part repeated 7 times) The Reward- thawab of the salat should be sent on the arwah-souls of Sayyidayn wa Shahidayn Imams Hasan and Hazrat Hussayn Ridhwan Allahu ta 'ala alaihim ajma'een. It will bring the reciter a lot of Reward- thawab as well.

Because of the reciter having done this, Sayyidayn wa Shahidayn wa Imamayn Hassan and Husayn will do Shifa (intercede) for him on the Day of Judgement. The adaab of this particular day is to make ghusl, fast and break fast, make salaat, make Dua', visit the sick, be kind to orphans and make peace between to disputants.

5. Rosewater and Short Dhikr for Ashura -

Reading Hasbunaa wa ni'mal wakeel, wa ni'mal mawlaa wa ni'man-naseer 70 times

Meaning: Allah is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Guardian; The Excellent Protector and The Excellent Helper." (3:173 & 8:40)

(Salah al-khusama) read on 7 specific occasions including Eid Adha (10th Zulhijjah) and Day of Arafah (9th Zulhijjah) by Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani Qaddas Alllahu Sirru

This salat MUST be done on 7 specific occasions: * First night of Rajab * Night of the middle of Sha’ban (15th Sha’ban) * Last Friday day of Ramadhan) - between Dhuhr and Asr * Eid Fitr day (1st Shaawal) * Eid Adha ( 10th Zulhijjah) * Day of Arafah (9th Zulhijjah) * On the day of Ashura (10th Muharram)


What to do on Ashura
On the 9th and 10th of Muharram, one should fast. If it is not possible to fast on both days, then every effort should be made to fast on the 10th day of Muharram, as there is great reward for this fast. The following are some of the desirable acts one should do on the day of Ashura: 1. To observe fast on this day. 2. To give as much charity as you can afford. 3. To perform Nafl Salat prayers. 4. To recite *Surah Ikhlas 1000 times.* 5. To visit and be in the company of pious Ulema. 6. To place a hand of affection on an orphan’s head. 7. To give generously to one’s relatives. 8. To put surma in one’s eyes. 9. To take a bath. 10. To cut one’s nails. 11. To visit the sick. 12. To establish friendly ties with one’s enemies. 13. To recite Dua Ashura - Below post that) 14. To visit the shrines of Awliyas and the graves of Muslims.
Imam Hussain (Radi Allah Anhu) and his companions were martyred on the tenth of this month.
--------------------------- Taken from the author of Kanz al-Najah wa Surur (Ba'alawi text) maintains that on ‘Ashura, ‘One should stay up the whole night in worship, reciting the Quran or making remembrance of Allah and the like.’ He also states that, ‘it is recommended on this day to perform that which is authenticated [from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in relation to right actions]. Some of them [i.e. the scholars] numbered ten deeds; Prayer, sending prayers upon the Prophet (peace be upon him), visiting family relations, charity, ghusl, wearing kohl, visiting a scholar, visiting the sick, caressing the head of a orphan, and spending upon ones family.’ Of the most significant deeds that the aforementioned author specifies is ‘to beseech Allah as this has an immense benefit.’ May Allah – Most High – allow his needy slaves to benefit from this blessed month and this sacred day, amin.


From Sheikh Yusuf Al-Nabahani qaddas Allahu sirru:
In the month of Muharram the tragic events of Karbala are re-enacted. (This is not normal for the majority of Sunni communities but this is specific for some communities of the indo-paks and the Turks) Yet none go into the detail that the latter do (indo-paks), as others mention it briefly, and not in the agonising detail that is vividly painted for us.... Final remarks: We find this story difficult to comprehend at times and sometimes find it difficult to think about. We would like to see this event commemorated but in a rational and normal manner like the rest of the Muslim world. We do not mean to offend people but we really need to look how we manipulate people’s emotions because this is plainly wrong. If we really want to practice love towards the Ahl al-bayt them we should honour them instead of using the murder of one of forefathers as an event that we rally around them once a year and spend the rest of the year opposing them. Taken from Sheikh Yusuf Al-Nabahani (may Allah show him mercy) is one of the greatest scholars of Islam and we drew heavily from his work on Endless nobility of Ahl Al Bayt. My own notes: Remember that Muharram is the Month of God, the Month of Forgiveness, a Month of Tawba to Allah for this Mercy to forgive Sins, and Fasting this day Allah for for forgives Sins; Its a Major Sunnah Fast on the 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said that the fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim] What is key to remember; Fasting Forgives Sins of the preceding year, thus its first 10 days especially are for Forgiveness and Tawba. These 10 Days are the Days of (Tawba/ and Mercy) so turn towards your Lord for He Forgives your Sins. It has been related that they are the ten with which God made the forty-day term of Moses complete. It was related that Wahb b. Munabbih said, God, exalted be He, revealed to Moses ‘Order your people to draw near to me in the first ten days of al-Muharram. Then on the tenth day let them come unto Me such that I will (Forgive them). (Tabarani-fil-Saghir, V2,)